The Cichlasoma Project

Research on Cichlasoma - Esta pagina en Espanol

Since 1983 two Principal Investigators, Professor Lindsay Ross and Dr Carlos Martínez-Palacios, have collaborated on the major theme of development of native species for aquaculture in Mexico and elsewhere in Central and South America. As well as promoting and developing aquaculture, our major concern has been to reduce the introduction and further redistribution and transplantation of exotic species with the numerous attendant problems that can arise. A prime objective has been protection of biodiversity in vulnerable systems, an issue which is of growing concern. Our collaborative projects have focused on development of a detailed understanding of aspects of the biology and physiology of potentially important native fish species so that aquaculture technology can be established.

Cichlasoma book cover C urophthalmus Rockfish Shad Red muscle in Salmon

Our work has been supported by a number of agencies, including DEFRA (UK government), DFID (UK government), The British Council, CONACyT, SAGARPA, State and local governments and our host universities and research institutes.The genus Cichlasoma is distributed from the southern United States to mid South America and many of the species have considerable potential for aquaculture within their range.

From the mid 1980's a collaborative project was developed to investigate the potential of the Mexican Mojarra castarrica, Cichlasoma urophthalmus, with substantial support from ODA (now DFID, UK Government), CONACyT and COSNET (Mexican Government). The wide-ranging project based at CINVESTAV, Merida, Yucatan, involved 40 staff and students, including Carlos Martinez, Cristina Chavez, Miguel Olvera, Juan Carlos Seijo and many others in Mexico, and Lindsay Ross, Malcolm Beveridge, Barbara Ross, Kim Jauncey, Alan Stewart, Krishen Rana and others from IoA, Stirling.

This phase was followed in the early 1990's by a further substantial development at the Colegio de Posgraduados in H.Cardenas, Tabasco in which a range of large scale field trials were conducted, with local management by Mike Akester and Eduardo Mendoza.

A substantial range of output was generated, which included journalpares, reports a major conference on native species for aquaculture and culminated in a handbook for the species, published in Spanish by CONACyT.

While not as commercially robust as Tilapias, there is still considerable interest in developing aquaculture of the species. This is even more relevant today than when we did the original work as indigenous species have clear advantages in terms of biodiversity preservation and avoidance of biotic pollution. Use of native species also greatly assists countries in meeting their obligations nunder the Convention for Biodiversity.

Martinez Palacios, C.A., & Ross, L.G. 1986. The influence of body weight, temperature and hypoxia on the respiratory rate of Cichlasoma urophthalmus (Gunther). Aquaculture and Fishery Management. 17, 243-248.

Martinez Palacios, C.A., & Ross, L.G. 1988. The feeding ecology of the Central American cichlid Cichlasoma urophthalmus (Gunther). Journal of Fish Biology. 33, (5), 665 670.

Ross, L.G. 1988. Cichlasoma urophthalmus aquaculture. Cichlidae (Nottingham). 9, (3), 45-49.

Martinez Cordero, F.J., Ross, L.G., and Martinez Palacios, C.A. 1990. Determination of morphometric parameters in the Mexican Mojarra Cichlasoma urophthalmus (Gunther) for the design and construction of box graders. Aquaculture and Fisheries Management. 21, 293-297.

Martinez Palacios, C.A., Ross, L.G., and Rosado-Vallado, M. 1990. The effects of salinity on the survival and growth of Cichlasoma urophthalmus (Gunther). Aquaculture. 91. 65-75.

Ross, L.G. 1990. Final Report on joint ODA/CINVESTAV project on culture of Cichlasoma urophthalmus. Report to Overseas Development Administration. 25pp.

Ross., L.G. and Martinez-Palacios, C.A. 1991. The biology and Culture of Cichlasoma urophthalmus. Volume 1. Project establishment, monitoring and evaluation. Report to ODA. pp193.

Ross., L.G. and Martinez-Palacios, C.A. 1991. The biology and Culture of Cichlasoma urophthalmus. Volume 2. Project advisory and monitoring reports. Report to ODA. pp518.

Ross., L.G. and Martinez-Palacios, C.A. 1991. The biology and Culture of Cichlasoma urophthalmus. A Technical Manual. (Report to ODA) pp250.

Martinez Palacios, C.A., & Ross, L.G. 1992. The reproductive biology and growth of the Central American cichlid Cichlasoma urophthalmus Gunther. Journal of Applied Ichthyology. 8, 99-109.

Martinez, C.A. & Ross, L. G. 1994. Biologia y Cultivo de la mojarra Latino-Americana Cichlasoma urophthalmusCONACyT, Mexico. pp250. ISBN 968-823-257-2.

Ross, L.G. & Martinez, C.A. 1994. Introduccion. In. C.A Martinez & L.G. Ross (Eds). Biologia y Cultivo de la mojarra Latino Americana Cichlasoma urophthalmus. CONACyT, Mexico. 1-4.

Ross, L.G. & Martinez, C.A. 1994. Introducciones de especies y la justificacion para investigacion de especies nativas. In. C.A Martinez & L.G. Ross (Eds). Biologia y Cultivo de la mojarra Latino Americana Cichlasoma urophthalmus. CONACyT, Mexico. 5-14.

Ross, L.G. & Martinez, C.A. 1994. La indentificacion y seleccion de especies del genero Cichlasoma para acuicultura. In. C.A Martinez & L.G. Ross (Eds). Biologia y Cultivo de la mojarra Latino Americana Cichlasoma urophthalmus. CONACyT, Mexico. 15-52.

Ross, L.G. & Martinez, C.A. 1994. Fisiologia ambiental de Cichlasoma urophthalmus. In. C.A Martinez & L.G. Ross (Eds). Biologia y Cultivo de la mojarra Latino Americana Cichlasoma urophthalmus. CONACyT, Mexico. 73-86.

Beveridge, M.C.M., Ross, L.G. & Kelly, L. 1994. Environmental impacts of aquaculture - disturbances of biotopes and influence of exotic or local species new to aquaculture. Proceedings of European & World Aquaculture Society Symposium. No 19. "From Discovery to Commercialisation". Torremolinos, Spain. p494.

Ross, L.G. & Beveridge, M.C.M. 1994. International co-operation in aquaculture research and development: The role of the Overseas Development Administration (ODA) U.K. Proceedings of European & World Aquaculture Society Symposium. No 19. "From Discovery to Commercialisation". Torremolinos, Spain. p532.

Martinez Palacios, C.A, Ross, L.G. and Sanchez Licea, V.H. 1995. The tolerance to salinity, respiratory characteristics and potential for aquaculture of the Central American cichlid, Cichlasoma synspilum (Hubbs, 1935). Aquaculture Research. 27: (4), 215-220.

view pdf version Ross, L.G. and Beveridge, M.C.M. 1995. Is a better strategy necessary for development of native species for aquaculture? A Mexican case study. Aquaculture and Fisheries Management. 26: 539-547.

Ross, L.G. 1995. Final Evaluative Report on research and development project on aquaculture of Cichlasoma urophthalmus, ODA/CEICADES, Tabasco, Mexico. Report to Overseas Development Administration. pp25.

Ross, L.G. and Beveridge, M.C.M.B. 1995. Guidelines for exploitation of native species for aquaculture. Report to ODA. pp30.

Ross, L.G. 1995. Farming systems in Tabasco state, Mexico, and their interaction with aquaculture. Report to ODA. pp131.

Ross, L.G., Beveridge, M.C.M. and Akester, M.J. 1995. Aquaculture development and species introductions: the background, the problems and current trends. Invited paper. Proceedings of Second Conference on native species with potential use in Aquaculture. H.Cardenas, Tabasco, Mexico. 205-216.

Beveridge, M.C.M., Ross, L.G. and Akester, M.J. 1995. Environmental Impacts of Aquaculture with particular reference to the culture of native fishes. Proceedings of Second Conference on native species with potential use in Aquaculture. H.Cardenas, Tabasco, Mexico. 217-224.

Martinez-Palacios, C.A. & Ross, L.G. 1995. Potencial del genero Cichlasoma para explotacion acuicola en Latinoamerica. Proceedings of Second Conference on native species with potential use in Aquaculture. H.Cardenas, Tabasco, Mexico. 225-238.

Akester, M.J., Ross, L.G. and Beveridge, M.C.M. 1995. The exploitation of native species for aquaculture: Towards a common methodology for development. Proceedings of Second Conference on native species with potential use in Aquaculture. H.Cardenas, Tabasco, Mexico. 143-152.

Ross, L.G., Aguilar-Manjarrez, J. and Gutierrez-Garcia, A. 1996. GIS as a Planning Tool for Aquaculture Development: A case study in Tabasco State, Mexico. Report to ODA. pp120.

Martínez-Palacios, C.A., Harfush-Melendez, M., Chávez-Sánchez, C. and Ross, L.G. 1996. The optimum dietary protein level for the Mexican cichlid Cichlasoma urophthalmus (Günther): A comparison of estimates derived from experiments using fixed-rate feeding and ad-libitum feeding. Aquaculture Nutrition. 2: 11-20.

Martinez- Palacios, C.A., Chavez-Sanchez, M. C. and Ross, L.G. 1996. The Effects of water temperature on food intake, growth and body composition of Cichlasoma urophthalmus (Günther) juveniles. Aquaculture Research. 27: 455-461.

Ross, L.G. and Martinez Palacios, C.A. 1996. The establishment, operation and evaluation of a collaborative research and development programme on culture of native cichlids of Central America. p34-48. In. Theme 4, International Development. Proceedings of the World Fisheries Congress. Oxford and IBH. New Delhi.

Martinez Palacios, C.A. and Ross, L.G. 1996. The potential of the genus Cichlasoma for aquaculture exploitation in Latin America. P148-164. In. Theme 6, Role of aquaculture in World Fisheries. Proceedings of the World Fisheries Congress. Oxford and IBH. New Delhi.

view pdf version Chavez-Sanchez, M.C., Martinez-Palacios, C.A. and Ross, L.G. 2000. Phosphorus and calcium requirements in the diet of the American cichlid Cichlasoma urophthalmus (Günther). Aquaculture Nutrition. 6: 1-9.

view pdf version Martinez-Palacios, C.A. and Ross, L.G. 2004. Post-hatching geotactism and substrate attachment in Cichlasoma urophthalmus (Günther). Short communication. Journal of Applied Ichthyology. 20: 545-547.

 

Darwin Initiative
Front cover, Biologia y Cultivo de Cichlasoma urophthalmus

Biologia y Cultivo del la mojarra Latino Americana Cichlasoma urophthalmus
Mexico en la Ciencia y la Tecnologia

Carlos A Martinez Palacios y Lindsay G Ross
CONACyT, 1994
ISBN 968-823-257-2

La acuicultura a nivel mundial se basa en el cultivo de un numero muy restringido de species, en relacion al total de especies acuaticas que se consumen en los mercados internacionales. La explicacion, es la falta de estudios para determinar el potencial de cultivo de las especies nativas, ya que implica la intervencion de investigadores especializados en diversas disciplinas.

La especie se debe seleccionar de acuerdo a la demanda en el mercado y a caracteristicas biologicas de la especie que indiquen su factibilidad de cultivo tales como; crecimiento rapido, alta fecundidad, tolerancia de amplios intervales de factores medioambientales tales como temperatura, salinidad, oxigeno, etc., resistencia al manejo, aceptacion de alimentos artifciales, que se reproduzcan en cautiverio, etc.

Este volumen contiene en forma de manual tecnico los resultados principales sobre la biologia y cultivo de Cichlasoma urophthalmus y corresponde a un traduccion al espanol del tercer volumen del informe final de un proyecto de investigacion apoyado por la Overseas Development Adminsitration (ODA) del Gobierno Britanico y realizado en el Sureste de Mexico, con la participacion de un grupo de investigadores del Instituto de Acuicultura de la Universidad de Stirling Escocia y un grupo de investigadores Mexicanos de CINVESTAV-Merida.


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